Upload the voltage of the electric
In three years they have multiplied by five and by 2030 it is expected that 41% of cars run on electricity
The dieselgate crisis has accelerated the end of the road for combustion engines. In fact, it is imposed by law in some countries that fix their disappearance in 2040 (France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom). At the same time, it opens a large highway for the arrival of the electric car, which, however, does not quite impose itself at the expected speed. Today it represents just 1% of the world's park, with 3,109,050 million units accounted for at the end of 2017, of which two thirds correspond to pure electric power. Although it is expected to accelerate its growth until reaching 2030 more than 40% of total vehicles in circulation, including hybrid engines according to the Cepsa Energy Outlook report.
"One in four customers in Europe is already looking to buy an electric car, " says Gilles Normand, vice president of electric vehicles at Renault. The intention goes up to one in three among residents in the Asia-Pacific region. And, for the moment, China accounts for 40% of the vehicles of this type in the world, including passenger buses, of which there are about 370,000 operating in the Asian country and that are practically all existing (99% ), according to data from the International Energy Agency (AIE).
In Europe, the electric car and the plug-in hybrid still represent only 2%
In Europe, the transition takes place in different ways according to the countries. Totally electric cars experienced a progression of 45% last year compared to 2016, accounting for 135,369 registrations on a total of 15 million vehicles sold, according to data from the Association of European Manufacturers (ACEA). And in 2018 180,000 electric and plug-in hybrids have already been registered, according to Jato Dynamics figures.
Norway is the benchmark for the energy transition. Achieved in 2017 a market rate of 39.2% of electric cars on the total, adding 33,025 registrations. The ranking is followed by two other Nordic countries: Iceland, where 11.7% of sales are electric models, and Sweden, with 6.3%. However, the great explosion of electricity in Europe is coming,
In this scenario of electrification Spain is still in an incipient situation, despite experiencing last year a significant sales growth of 80%, adding pure electric, hybrid and rechargeable hybrids. The 14,842 passenger cars with electric motors represent 3.2 vehicles of this type for each 10,000 inhabitants, a relation still discreet before the European plans in terms of emission reduction.
It is not an isolated case, because southern Europe is going to tow its continental neighbors. After a start similar to that experienced in France, Spain and Portugal drastically cut aid to the electric car and were left out of the French market, which plans to put into circulation by 2022 a million rechargeable cars in the network (pure and hybrid electric plug-ins). Italy, on the other hand, has temporarily opted for natural gas as alternative energy and Greece still records negligible sales compared to thermal-engine cars.
Even so, electric and hybrid sales are growing in Spain. Last July they registered an increase of registrations of 47% with respect to the same month of the previous year. With 52,316 units accumulated in the first quarter of 2018, according to Anfac, it is expected that electricity in Spain could be multiplied by five in 2020, as indicated by the DBK Sectoral Observatory.
It will take a number of loaders higher than vehicles to make them competitive
The uneven expansion of the electric car is still alien to the market itself. It depends largely on the administrations, more or less involved through incentives to purchase and tax exemptions. Good example is Norway, country where this type of vehicle receives important direct aids in its purchase and indirect in its use, as gratuity in tolls, parkings or ferries. In addition, in Norway the purchase of an electric car is even cheaper than that of its thermal equivalent, benefiting from a very favorable energy cost of hydraulic origin.
But there are also technical problems. On the one hand, there is the high price of batteries due mainly to the raw materials needed for their manufacture, lithium and cobalt, and that due to their scarcity are strategic minerals. On the other, there is its autonomy, still limited compared to thermal cars.
The final emergence of the electric vehicle, which still has not finished producing, also requires an extensive supply network, both public and private. The IEA accounts for three million private shippers in the world, plus another 430,000 public. Insufficient to meet the growing demand. And only a quarter are fast (capable of charging 80% of the batteries in 30 minutes), which are required for electrics to compete with the thermal, which refuel in a few minutes.
The problem of the shortage of chargers is evident with the prospect of reaching 2030 the 220 million electric vehicles, according to the IEA, and they will need, to ensure maximum efficiency, 10% more recharging points.